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  外语解密学习法 逆读法(Reverse Reading Method)   解读法(Decode-Reading Method)训练范文 ——                 

解密目标语言:英语                                解密辅助语言:汉语
              Language to be decoded:  English            Auxiliary Language :  Chinese  

  
         
解密文本:《在法律门前》  [奥] 卡夫卡 原著          
 
 Vor dem Gesetz
 von  Franz Kafka

 

                 Before the Law            
                                                                         by  Franz Kafka     
                                                                

           德汉对照(German & Chinese)                 德英对照(German & English)                     只看英语(English Only)                   英汉对照(English & Chinese)


  


    Before the law sits a gatekeeper. To this gatekeeper comes a man from the country who asks to gain entry into the law. But the gatekeeper says that he cannot grant him entry at the moment. The man thinks about it and then asks if he will be allowed to come in later on. “It is possible,” says the gatekeeper, “but not now.” At the moment the gate to the law stands open, as always, and the gatekeeper walks to the side, so the man bends over in order to see through the gate into the inside. When the gatekeeper notices that, he laughs and says: “If it tempts you so much, try it in spite of my prohibition. But take note: I am powerful. And I am only the most lowly gatekeeper. But from room to room stand gatekeepers, each more powerful than the other. I can’t endure even one glimpse of the third.” The man from the country has not expected such difficulties: the law should always be accessible for everyone, he thinks, but as he now looks more closely at the gatekeeper in his fur coat, at his large pointed nose and his long, thin, black Tartar’s beard, he decides that it would be better to wait until he gets permission to go inside. The gatekeeper gives him a stool and allows him to sit down at the side in front of the gate. There he sits for days and years. He makes many attempts to be let in, and he wears the gatekeeper out with his requests. The gatekeeper often interrogates him briefly, questioning him about his homeland and many other things, but they are indifferent questions, the kind great men put, and at the end he always tells him once more that he cannot let him inside yet. The man, who has equipped himself with many things for his journey, spends everything, no matter how valuable, to win over the gatekeeper. The latter takes it all but, as he does so, says, “I am taking this only so that you do not think you have failed to do anything.” During the many years the man observes the gatekeeper almost continuously. He forgets the other gatekeepers, and this one seems to him the only obstacle for entry into the law. He curses the unlucky circumstance, in the first years thoughtlessly and out loud, later, as he grows old, he still mumbles to himself. He becomes childish and, since in the long years studying the gatekeeper he has come to know the fleas in his fur collar, he even asks the fleas to help him persuade the gatekeeper. Finally his eyesight grows weak, and he does not know whether things are really darker around him or whether his eyes are merely deceiving him. But he recognizes now in the darkness an illumination which breaks inextinguishably out of the gateway to the law. Now he no longer has much time to live. Before his death he gathers in his head all his experiences of the entire time up into one question which he has not yet put to the gatekeeper. He waves to him, since he can no longer lift up his stiffening body. The gatekeeper has to bend way down to him, for the great difference has changed things to the disadvantage of the man. “What do you still want to know, then?” asks the gatekeeper. “You are insatiable.” “Everyone strives after the law,” says the man, “so how is that in these many years no one except me has requested entry?” The gatekeeper sees that the man is already dying and, in order to reach his diminishing sense of hearing, he shouts at him, “Here no one else can gain entry, since this entrance was assigned only to you. I’m going now to close it.


 


     在法律门前,站着一个门卫。一个农村来的男人走上去请求进入法律之门。但是门卫说,现在还不能允许他进去。那男人想了想,问是否以后可以进去。门卫说:“那倒有可能,但现在不行。”看到法律之门像往常一样敞开着,而且门卫也走到一边去了,于是那男人弯下腰,想看看门内的世界。这一切被门卫看见了,就笑着说:“如果它那么吸引你,那你倒是试试冲破我的禁锢进去呀,但是请记住,我很强大,而且我只是最小的一个门卫。每道门都有门卫,而且一个比一个强大,那第三个门卫就连我也不敢看他一眼。”困难如此之大是那农村男人始料未及的,他以为法律之门对任何人在任何时候都是敞开的,但是现在当他仔细观察了那穿着皮大衣的门卫,看见他那尖尖的鼻子、黑而稀疏的鞑靼式的长胡子,就决定还是等下去为好,直到获准进去为止。那门卫递给他一只小板凳,让他在门旁边坐下。他坐在那里日复一日,年复一年,做了很多尝试想进去,并不厌其烦地请求门卫放行。门卫只是漫不经心地听着,又问他家乡的情况以及许多事情。他这样不痛不痒地提问着,俨然一个大人物似的,而最后却总是说还不能允许他进去。那男人为这次旅行做了充分的准备,现在他用一切值钱的东西来贿赂门卫。门卫虽然接受了所有贿赂,但却说:“我接受礼物只是为了使你不致产生失去了什么的错觉。”多年过去了,这期间,那男人几乎是目不转睛地观察着门卫,他忘记了其他门卫的存在,似乎这第一个门卫是他进入法律之门的唯一障碍。他咒骂这倒霉的遭遇。开始几年,他的举止还无所顾忌,说话嗓门高大,后来日渐衰老,就只有咕咕哝哝、自言自语了。他变得很幼稚,由于长年观察门卫,所以连他皮衣领子上的跳蚤也熟识了,于是他也请求它们帮忙,以改变门卫的态度。最后他目光黯淡,搞不清楚是四周真的一片黑暗呢,还是他的眼睛出了毛病。不过他现在在黑暗中发现了一丝亮光,它顽强地透过法律之门照射出来。现在他命在旦夕,临死之前,过去的所有经历在他的脑海里聚成了一个问题,这个问题他至今还没有向门卫提出。他示意门卫过来,因为他身体僵硬,已经不能站起来。两个人身高的变化使那男人相形见绌,矮了一截,所以门卫必须深深地弯下腰,然后问道:“现在你究竟还想知道什么?”又说:“你太贪得无厌。”那男人说,“大家不是都想了解法律是什么吗?为什么多年以来除了我再无别人要求进入法律之门?”门卫发现那男人已行将就木,为了能触动他失灵的听觉器官,就吼叫着对他说,“其实其他任何人都不允许从这里进去,因为此门只为你一人所开。现在我要关门走人了。”

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